On course for trouble: Scottish golf clubs fight for the game’s future amid rising sea levels

Several of Scotland’s most famous courses are looking for new ways to fight the effects of climate change

Rory McIlroy on the 18th tee during the 150th Open at St Andrews Old Course in 2022: The St Andrews Links Trust is seeking grants to pay for nature-based repairs Picture: Getty

Mike MacDonald sizes up his opening tee shot at Fortrose & Rosemarkie Golf Club, and takes aim at the right side of the fairway. Anything left and he’d risk hitting his ball onto the beach, or worse, into the cold waters of the Moray Firth off the Scottish coast.

“It didn’t use to be this hard,” the club’s general manager says. “The recent storms hit our first couple of fairways and we’re spending a lot ...