Introduced to England in 1672, papier-mache is a material made from pulped paper, glue, chalk and sometimes sand.
In 1830, Charles Frederick Bielefeld patented a more durable form which incorporated iron filings into the mixture.
Simulating the crispness of carved oak, this 1840 mirror features the cresting for the Royal Irish Art Union, is stamped CF Bielefeld, and has the remains of a label reading "WAY LDT DUBLIN 100".
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